শিরোনাম
নীলফামারী জেলার সব্দিগঞ্জ মাঠে সর্ববৃহৎ ঈদের নামাজ বান্দরবানে যৌথ বাহিনীর অভিযানে এক নারীসহ আরো ৩ জনকে আটক রাজশাহীবাসীকে পবিত্র ঈদুল ফিতরের শুভেচ্ছা জানালেন রাসিক মেয়র বিপিডিএ'র চেয়ারম্যান, নির্বাহী পরিষদ ও কেন্দ্রীয় কমিটির মহাসচিব রাকিবুল ইসলাম তুহিন শেরপুরে পুলিশের লাঠির আঘাতে প্রতিবন্ধী আহত,স্থানীয়দের রাস্তা অবরোধ শেরপুরে নৃ সুহৃদ সমাবেশ ও অনাহারীর সাথে ইফতার নন্দীগ্রামে সাবেক সংসদ সদস্য মোশারফ হোসেনের যাকাতের টাকা বিতরণ সৌদি আরবের সঙ্গে মিল রেখে পাবনার সুজানগরে ঈদল ফিতর অনুষ্টিত ১০ হাজার মানুষকে ঈদ উপহার দিলেন শিকলবাহা ইউপি চেয়ারম্যান কালিহাতীতে আশ্রয়ণ প্রকল্পের বাসিন্দাদের কালের কণ্ঠ শুভ সংঘ উদ্যোগে ঈদ উপহার
শুক্রবার ১২ এপ্রিল ২০২৪
শুক্রবার ১২ এপ্রিল ২০২৪

Pioneering Pathways: Exploring Jute Geotextiles in Road Construction

প্রকাশিত:বৃহস্পতিবার ২৮ মার্চ ২০২৪ | হালনাগাদ:বৃহস্পতিবার ২৮ মার্চ ২০২৪ | অনলাইন সংস্করণ
Image

Abstract: As we all know, the prefix "geo-textile" stands for "earth," and the word "textile" refers to thread,yarn or fabric. Therefore, the geo-textile is described as follows in accordance with ASTM 4439:"A permeable geo-synthetic comprised solely of textiles. Geo-textiles are used with foundation, soil, rock, earth, or any other geotechnical engineering-related material as an integral part of human-made project, structure, or system."Geo textile can be a single constructed material or a composite material depending on usage & the origin can be both natural and man-made.

 

The ASAE (Society for Engineering in Agricultural, Food, and Biological Systems) defines a geo-textile as a "fabric or synthetic material placed between the soil and a pipe, gabion, or retaining wall: to enhance water movement and retard soil movement, and as a blanket to add reinforcement and separation." A solid network that maintains its relative structure during handling, installation, and long-term use should be the foundation of every geotextile. Geo-textile cloth, agricultural fabric, and geo-synthetic are further terminology that are utilized by the industry for comparable materials and uses.

 

 

Keywords: Roads, Geo-textile , Jute Geo-Textile , Soil stability

 

1.      INTRODUCTION:

One type of fiber that tackles geo-technical issues is jute. It is made of several types of coir geotextile, jute geotextile, and blends of various fibers. Geotextiles can be used to manage mild landslides, eroding slopes of roads and railroad embankments, river embankments, and the management of solid waste. They can also prevent railway track settlement. Currently, roughly 20,000 tons of jute are utilized worldwide for geo textiles, making up about 2% of the market. Since 1980, the jute geo textile market has grown by twofold.

 

Jute geo textile has some benefits. It is biodegradable and does not degrade soil fertility. It is highly hygroscopic and can absorb water as well as help consolidate soil, increase soil flexibility, and, most importantly, it is less expensive than synthetic fibers. Because raw materials are locally available, this item can be produced in the country's jute mills. This can even be made from low-quality jute

 

In Bangladesh,Jute geo textile has previously been used locally in projects such as the Hatirjheel project, the road from the Prime Minister's office to Agargaon in the capital, the Pakulla-Lawhati road in Tangail, the 7 km road between Dhaka and Sylhet Highway, Thanchi-Alikadam road, Pathoraj river bank protection,Noabenki-Garazehat-Harinagarhat LGED road Shayamnagar. It is now used all over the world, including the United States and Australia. It is less harmful to the environment than traditional geotextiles. Bangladesh is the leading producer of jute geotextiles. It's a novel concept, and if the use of geo textiles could be expanded, jute demand and cultivation would skyrocket.

 

 

Fields of geo-textile application

 

The main functions of geo-textiles make them suitable for application to many practical problems (Ingold& Miller, 1988). These are a few of the applications:

 

         Yards and temporary roads

         Permanent highways

         Permanent road repair

         Railway lines

         Soft ground embankments

         Applications for drainage

         Applications for retaining walls

         Erosion prevention

The majority of these applications are especially well suited to the geological features found in many parts of India, Bangladesh, South-East Asia, China, and Japan. In these areas, large areas of alluvial and marine deposits contain soft clay with high compressibility and low shear strength. Even with minor superimposed loads, they cause stability and settlement issues.Geosynthetics have been widely used in various construction projects in India in recent years. These materials are highly resistant to biological and chemical degradation, and they have the tensile strength and permeability required for direct ground treatment applications. Geotextiles made of natural fibers, such as jute, have high permeability but are biodegradable and have lower tensile strength in general. They have not received as much attention as geosynthetics. As a result, their application has been limited thus far.

 

A practical observation of soil erosion control and slope stability using jute

 

geo-textile on Dhaka Sylhet highway

 

Name of the Project:

 

Soil Erosion Control and Slope Stability Using Jute Geo-textile on Dhaka - Sylhet Highway

 

Design By : DR. ZAHID HOSSAIN PRODHAN

 

National Resource Person

 

Member, International Geo-synthetic Society (IGS),

 

USA

 

Member, International Erosion Control Association

 

(IECA), USA

 

 

 

 

Managing Director, Arcadia Property Development

 

Ltd. (APDL)

 

Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

 

Implementing Agency:

 

Roads and Highways Division

 

Govt. of Bangladesh

 

Funding Agency:

 

World Bank

 

&

 

Govt. of Bangladesh

 

Project Brief:

 

The project aims to control erosion and protect the slopes on the Dhaka Sylhet Highway, which stretches for 7 kilometers near Bhairab, about 80 kilometers from Dhaka. created by

 

Dr. ZahidHossainProdhan developed this low-cost mechanism for erosion control and slope protection using locally available raw materials such as Jute. The full-scale model was first successfully tested by Arcadia Property Development Ltd. (APDL) in the premises of BJRI (Bangladesh Jute Research Institute) and then implemented by BJRI in the Pakulla-Lawahati Road Project in Delduarupazilla, Tangail District.

Salient features of Technology:

 

1.       It  improves the stability of reinforced earth structures.

2.       It creates an environmentally friendly interaction between the soil mass and the Jute Geotextile. The section of the Dhaka-Sylhet Highway that requires protection from soil erosion consists primarily of sand-silted soil that is prone to damage and erosion from floods and other natural processes. The use of Jute Geotextiles for erosion control and slope protection is likely to provide the best solution. Jute Geotextile Benefits: Jute Geotextile is significantly less expensive than any other synthetic fiber available locally. It blends easily with soil mass to provide stability. Jute Geo textile is both environmentally friendly and unprocessed jute is water repellent which has a phobia towards water.

 

IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS

 

Materials => Carrying => Treatment =>Labour =>Logistics

 

Miscellaneous =>Design & Supervision

 

Stage 1: Jute Fabric Chemical Treatment:

 

Jute fiber typically swells and degrades in water within six months. As a result, some chemical treatment is required to extend its life. Jute Geotextile is expected to last for about ten years after treatment. Among the treatments are:

 

1.      Treatment for rot prevention

2.      Treatment  for removing natural impurities

3.      Treatment with a material of a specific density

4.      Treatment with a viscosity-specific material

5.      Grease treatment based on calcium.

6.      Treatment for improving flexibility

Stage 2: Filtration and drainage

1.      Geotextile made of jute

2.      Horizontal Drain Preparation

3.      Vertical Drain Preparation

 

Stage 3: After levelling, dressing, and manual compaction to a specified level, Jute Geotextile is laid in accordance with the approved design.

 

Types of Jute Geo-textiles (JGT) selected for Bangladesh

v              For rural road Construction : 627,724,and 760 gsm (woven)

 

v                 For river Bank Protection : 627 Gsm (woven, Bitumen or otherwise treated)

 

v                 For Hill Slope Management : 500,600 and 700 gsm (open Weave)

 

Application of JGT:

 

Type of Application

Location

District/Upazilla

Executing agency

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

road

Turag-Rohitpur-

Dhaka/Keranigonj

RHD

construction

 

Bourvita road

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

road

Circular

road  Savar

Dhaka/Savar

LGED & SWO

construction

 

Cantonment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

road

NoabenkiShamnagar

Satkhira/ Shamnagar

LGED

construction

 

Road

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

road

South

Para(Kanda

Bancharampur/Brahmanbaria

LGED

construction

 

Para) Road

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

road

Tezkhali-Titas river-

Bancharampur/Brahmanbaria

LGED

construction

 

Chandumia Road

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

road

Pakulla-Lawhati

Tangail

APDL & LGED

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

road

Dhaka-Sylhet

 

RHD

construction(Slope)

Highway

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Rural

road

Saibor-Kaligang-

Lohagara/Narail

LGED

construction

 

Mithapur bazaar

 

 

 

 

Road

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

River Bank

 

Pathoraj River

 

Panchagar/Boda

BWDB

Protection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

River

Bank

Garai River

 

Rajbari/Baliakandi

BWDB

Protection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

River

Bank

MadarpurBeel Route

Mkshodpur/Gopalganj

BWDB

Protection

 

(MBR) Channel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

River

Bank

Shakbaria river

 

Koyra/Satkhira-2

BWDB

Protection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

River

Bank

Kazibacha river

Batiaghat/Khulna

BWDB

Protection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hill

Slope

Thanchi-Alikadam

Thanchi/Bandarban

SWO

Management

 

Road

(36

Meter

 

 

 

 

Uphill

Segment)

 

 

 

 

Located on 14.75 km

 

 

 

 

point

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hill

Slope

Thanchi-Alikadam

Thanchi/Bandarban

SWO

Management

 

Road    (18    Meter

 

 

 

 

Downhill   Segment)

 

 

 

 

Located on 11.7  km

 

 

 

 

point

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

3.2 Organizations Involved with jute Geo-textile Project

v              Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)

 

v                 Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI)

 

v                 Soil Resources Development Institute (SRDI)

 

v                 Local Government Engineering Department (LGED)

 

v                 Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB)

 

v                 Roads and Highway Department (RHD)

 

v                 Special Works Organization (SWO) of Armed Forces Division

 

v                 Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation (BJMC)

 

v                 Janata Jute Mills Limited (JJML)

 

v                 Arcadia Property Development Ltd. ( APDL)

 

v                 Jute Diversification Promotion Centre ( JPDC )

 

 

Proposed Strategy for jute geo-textile:

 

 

Bangladesh must diversify in order to reclaim the golden age of jute. Jute Geotextile is one of these elements of various approaches. Jute geotextile is becoming increasingly popular in the international market. The following steps can be taken to increase demand and hold the jute geotextile market.

 

The supply and demand principle underpins all market economics. The goal is to constantly increase demand while also balancing supply and demand. If supply fails to meet demand in the market, the purchaser has a reliable alternative sources of supply.


There is already a market for erosion control products made from jute geotextiles, but supply is falling short of demand. If this situation continues, the jute geotextile market will die.

 

At the moment, the selling market is a price-driven technology market. In other words, the product is a low-tech product that is exported at a low cost. Foreign importers and distributors create demand for the product because they can make a lot of money selling it to the end user. By selling more products at the current profit margin, the jute geotextile manufacturer can make more money.

Profit margins can be increased further by adding value to the product. Normally, Bangladesh exports basic jute geotextile that has not been treated in any way. Because the superior product, application technology, and product promotion have been invested in, the product can be sold at a higher profit margin than its inferior competition. Jute geotextiles can be improved by treating them according to their intended use. Unfortunately, the currently available jute geotextile has no market in a commercially developed country. However, the market for this product in developed countries has recently increased.

 

 

Discussion & Result

The works described in this paper primarily concern the use of JGT in road construction, erosion control, and hill stabilization. Road design and erosion control are more important in Bangladesh. We discovered that the treated JGT is used in road construction. As a result, the road strength and durability are higher than on a normal road without JGT. We also discovered that the roads are becoming stronger by the day. 627 and 724 GSM are commonly used in rural road construction. However, depending on the road's condition, less GSM may be used in road construction. Woven jute fabrics are more commonly used for this purpose. We also discovered that JGT was used in the hatirjheel project which was implemented by Bangladesh Army. On January 2, 2013, it was opened.The currently is in good condition. We were also aware of the Dhaka-Shylet highway. Now that road's performance is also good, and it is being monitored for JGT standardization and accreditation.

Synthetic geotextile is very expensive, and it must be imported using foreign currency. Bangladesh is a flood-prone region. We have to spend a lot of money to keep our rural roads in good condition. So we could use Jute Geotextile to keep our communication network operational all year.Jute as a geotechnical apparatus in construction is easily available in the global market and moreover it's more sustainable than synthetic apparatus. Geotextiles are extremely useful in a variety of applications, particularly civil construction.

 

 

 

REFERENCE

 

1.       Jute Geotextiles And Their Applications,DR A.B.M. ABDULLAH, Former Executive Director (JDPC).

 

2.       An Introduction to Jute/Allied fibers properties and processing Abdullah, Latifa, Matin, International Jute Organization ,Dhaka-1992

 

3.       http://www.theindependentbd.com/business/others/76106-jute-geotextiles-project-to-protect-road-river-dams.html

 

4.       www.ijsg.com

 

5.       http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geotechnical_engineering

 

6.       Jute Geotextiles –Technical Potential & Commercial Prospects, Dr. Abdul Jabbar Khan, Professor, Department Of Civil Engineering(BUET)

 

7.       Application Of Jute Geotextile For Different Structures Including Rural Roads With Slope Protection. Dr. ZahidHossainProdhan, Managing Director, Arcadia Property Development Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

8.       Technical Assessment of Jute geotextile For civil Engineering Application, Dr. Abdul Jabbar Khan, Professor, Department Of Civil Engineering(BUET)

 

9.       www. bjri.com

 

10.   BJRI Annual Technical Report -2001.

 

11.   Main Imam Musa, Project Coordinator, JGT Project, Bangladesh part.

 

12.   Prof. Dr. MahbubulHaque, Head, Dept. of TE, Daffodil International University.

 

13.   National seminar on Jute geo-textile , April 01, 2014;

14.   Study on Jute Geo-Textile(Road, River bank & Hill slope stabilization)Course code: TE-417,Course title: Project (Thesis)Submitted by MD.SADIKUL ISLAM & MD.ASADUZZAMAN

Supervised by Dr. Md. Mahbubul Haque Professor & Head Department of TE Daffodil International University

 

 

 

 

Venturing into the domain of sustainable infrastructure, I am eager to shed light on the transformative potential of jute geotextiles in road construction. Freshly graduated in civil engineering, I am fuelled by a passion for innovative solutions that harmonize engineering practices with environmental stewardship. In this article, I embark on a journey to unveil the versatility and benefits of integrating jute geotextiles into road infrastructure projects. Drawing from my academic training and fervour for sustainability, I invite you to join me in exploring how this eco-friendly alternative can revolutionize the way we build roads, paving the way towards a greener, more resilient future.


Mahi Abrar

Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh Army University of Engineering and Technology

[email protected]


আরও খবর
তারুণ্যের ভাবনায় নারী দিবস

শুক্রবার ০৮ মার্চ ২০২৪

অবিবাহিত ছিলাম বলে চাকরিটা হয়নি

শুক্রবার ০৮ মার্চ ২০২৪





নীলফামারী জেলার সব্দিগঞ্জ মাঠে সর্ববৃহৎ ঈদের নামাজ

বান্দরবানে যৌথ বাহিনীর অভিযানে এক নারীসহ আরো ৩ জনকে আটক

হবিগঞ্জ ইন্ডাস্ট্রিয়াল পার্কে আগুন : নিহত ১, আহত ৩০

রাজশাহীবাসীকে পবিত্র ঈদুল ফিতরের শুভেচ্ছা জানালেন রাসিক মেয়র

বিপিডিএ'র চেয়ারম্যান, নির্বাহী পরিষদ ও কেন্দ্রীয় কমিটির মহাসচিব রাকিবুল ইসলাম তুহিন

শেরপুরে পুলিশের লাঠির আঘাতে প্রতিবন্ধী আহত,স্থানীয়দের রাস্তা অবরোধ

শেরপুরে নৃ সুহৃদ সমাবেশ ও অনাহারীর সাথে ইফতার

নন্দীগ্রামে সাবেক সংসদ সদস্য মোশারফ হোসেনের যাকাতের টাকা বিতরণ

সৌদি আরবের সঙ্গে মিল রেখে পাবনার সুজানগরে ঈদল ফিতর অনুষ্টিত

১০ হাজার মানুষকে ঈদ উপহার দিলেন শিকলবাহা ইউপি চেয়ারম্যান

কালিহাতীতে আশ্রয়ণ প্রকল্পের বাসিন্দাদের কালের কণ্ঠ শুভ সংঘ উদ্যোগে ঈদ উপহার

রূপগঞ্জে পূর্বাচল আদর্শ সেবা সংস্থার উদ্যোগে শতাধিক পরিবারের মাঝে ঈদ সামগ্রী বিতরণ

নোয়াখালীতে উপজেলা চেয়ারম্যানের ঈদ শুভেচ্ছা বিনিময়

সৌদির সঙ্গে মিল রেখে নোয়াখালীর ৪ গ্রামে ঈদ উদযাপন

স্ত্রীর মৃত্যুর এক ঘন্টা পর স্বামীর মৃত্যু

নোয়াখালীতে ট্রাক চাপায় তরুণের মৃত্যু

স্বামী-স্ত্রীর ঝগড়া চলাকালে স্বামীর মৃত্যু-স্ত্রী আটক

নোয়াখালীতে অর্ধগলিত অজ্ঞাত ব্যক্তির মরদেহ উদ্ধার

মুরাদনগরে মানবতার ফেরিওয়ালা উপজেলা চেয়ারম্যান ড. কিশোর

বান্দরবানে যৌথ বাহিনীর অভিযানে এক নারীসহ আরো ৩ জনকে আটক

বান্দরবানে শুরু হচ্ছে সনাতন ধর্মাবলম্বীদের ৩ দিনব্যাপী গঙ্গাপূজা ও বারুণী স্নান

হোমনায় যুবলীগ নেতা ছাদেক বাহিনীর অত্যাচারে অতিষ্ঠ গ্রামবাসী

দুর্গাপুরে বিভিন্ন অপকর্মের বিচারের দাবিতে উপজেলা ছাত্রলীগের সংবাদ সম্মেলন

তৌহিদুজ্জামানের উদ্যোগে অর্ধশত পরিবারে ইফতার সামগ্রী বিতরণ

ইফতার পার্টিতে যাওয়ার পথে প্রবাসী তরুণের মৃত্যু

সোনার বাংলা এসএসসি ২০০০ ব্যাচের উদ্যোগে ইফতার ও দোয়া মাহফিল

অবসরপ্রাপ্ত সৈনিক কল্যাণ সমবায় সমিতির উদ্যোগে মহান স্বাধীনতা দিবস উদযাপন ও ইফতার মাহফিল

মৌলভীবাজারে একাধিক চুরির মামলার পলাতক আসামী গ্রেফতার

আসন্ন বরুড়া উপজেলা পরিষদ নির্বাচন উপলক্ষে মতবিনিময় সভা

মধ্যনগর উপজেলা পরিষদ নির্বাচনে প্রচারণায় এগিয়ে,আব্দুর রাজ্জাক


এই সম্পর্কিত আরও খবর

তারুণ্যের ভাবনায় নারী দিবস

অবিবাহিত ছিলাম বলে চাকরিটা হয়নি

সিজারিয়ানের পর পিঠব্যথা হলে যা করবেন

কীভাবে বুঝবেন আপনি একজন ব্যর্থ মানুষ

বাল্যবিয়ে-দেরিতে সন্তান, বাড়ছে শিশুর জন্মগত ত্রুটি

ভূতের সিনেমা দেখলেই কমবে ওজন!

অল্প বয়সে হাড়ের ক্ষয় হচ্ছে না তো?

খাতনা করার আগে-পরে যেসব বিষয় জানা জরুরি

যেসব খাবার বাতের ব্যথা বাড়িয়ে দেয়

চিকেনপক্স জটিলতায় শিশুর নিউমোনিয়া হতে পারে